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Jewish cemetery

Židovský hřbitov v Turnově

The Jewish cemetery in Turnov dates back to the 17th century. The land for a Jewish cemetery was purchased by Albrecht of Wallenstein as early as in 1625 and the oldest surviving tombstone goes back to 1649. During its existence, it was expanded twice. The last burial took place here in 1956. At present, there is a bridge of the motorway passing through the town in the direction of Jičín over a part of the cemetery, which was planned in the late seventies and was constructed in 1987-91. Since 1994, the cemetery has been administered by Matana, a joint-stock company founded by the Federation of Jewish Communities for the purpose of caring for real estate.

Jewish cemeteries were usually located on slopes or otherwise unfavourable places that the Christian society had little interest in. At the time of its origin, the Turnov cemetery was located outside the town. Its elongated layout was acquired by double extension.

In its northern part there are the oldest tombstones covered with Hebrew inscriptions, gradually alternated with Hebrew-German tombstones, until finally Hebrew is represented on the tombstones only by the letters פּ'נ (the abbreviation of Hebrew "here lies") and תנצב"ה (the abbreviation of Hebrew "may his soul be bound in the bond of the everlasting life"). In the southern part of the graveyard, German on the tombstones is gradually replaced with Czech. In the cemetery there are buried ancestors of important personalities such as Pavel Tigrid and writer Ivan Olbracht.

In the 19th century, a graveyard house was constructed in the cemetery which houses a preserved stone table made of one piece of slate. It was used to ritually wash the bodies of the dead before their burial. In the cemetery there was a glass memorial plaque from 1952 with the names of the Jews from Turnov and the surrounding area who had not returned from concentration camps. The plaque was damaged by vandals in 1985. Its granite copy is currently in the interior of the cemetery house. There is also a small exhibition about the history of the Jewish cemetery.


Created 1.11.2018 8:49:32 | read 7274x | hlousekm
 

Projekt byl spolufinancován z prostředků ERDF prostřednictvím Euroregionu Nisa - Nysa.

Projekt byl spolufinancován z prostředků ERDF prostřednictvím Euroregionu Nisa - Nysa.
Projekt je podpořen z Dotačního fondu Libereckého kraje.
Synagoga Turnov
Židovská synagoga Turnov
Krajířova 2199
Turnov, 511 01
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